19 March, 2014

Proposal for a fourth ultimatic mode: First paddle priority

The ultimatic mode is an alternative to the iambic mode for sending Morse code from a dual lever paddle. When pressing both paddles the last one to be pressed takes control, rather than the alternating dit-dah or dah-dit of the iambic mode.

In the K1EL Winkeyers there are actually three ultimatic priority modes. This is shown in the table below that comes from page 9 in the specification for the command for setting the PINCFG Register. (K1EL CW Keyer IC for Windows Winkeyer2 v23 10/5/2010). This is a de facto standard for interfacing to and controlling a keyer, as an example it is used in the K3NG Arduino Open Source Morse keyer.


K1EL has defined bits 6 and 7 for setting this up by remote command. I propose that the last possibility, '11', presently undefined and unused, be used for a new mode. This mode is "First paddle priority" meaning that the last paddle which is pressed is ignored. It can also be interpreted as an emulation of a single-lever paddle. I and others have found that helpful in eliminating errors when keying. See for instance "Single Paddle operation with Iambic paddles" by Larry Winslow, W0NFU, in QST, October 2009 and the Iambic to Single Paddle kit from WB9KZY or my earlier blog post "Single-lever and ultimatic adapter".

My proposal is that the bits for the ultimatic mode be used like this:
  • 00 - Last paddle priority, i.e normal ultimatic
  • 01 - Dah priority
  • 10 - Dit priority
  • 11 - First paddle priority or Single Paddle Emulation (New)

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